This mini-tutorial will help you set up a working
Python environment on a Linux system.
This will allow you to work with other peoples
Python tools and start writing your own scripts.
First, let’s go over a few important concepts.
Python is a widely used general-purpose programming language, known for its emphasis on code readability.
How do I get
Python comes preinstalled on Mac OS, most Linux distributions and is easily installed on Windows.
The system often depends on the preinstalled
Python installation for various operations.
Modifying the system installation is not recommended.
Instead of using the preinstalled version of
Python, it is recommended to work using what are called
Setting up and managing virtual environments, including package management, is the focus of this mini-tutorial.
What is a
When you write code, you may want to use some parts other people have written, rather than rewriting everything from scratch. If you reference and external code in your code, we say that your code depends on that external code.
Python, people often package up their code and make it available on the
Python Package Index for others to download and use in their programs.
Setting up your environment#
conda is not
Python specific, it can be used as a general software environment solution.
This is useful if you use software which has many specific dependencies and requires activation prior to usage.
Follow the installation instructions here.
Creating a new conda environment#
The following command will create a new
conda environment called
Python version 3.8.
conda create --name py38 python=3.8
This environment can be activated with
conda activate py38 and deactivated with
Once your environment is active, any packages you install will be installed into this environment, isolated
from your system
Python installation and other
Packages can be installed with either
conda install <package-name> or
pip install <package-name>.